1894 in Columbus, OH
Victorians moved to the cities with the industrialization brought by canals and railroads and abandoned wood-burning as hard work and too much "down on the farm". They embraced modern improved patented coal-burning fireplaces (each model better than the others) and fancied up the surrounds and mantels.
Later, toward the end of the century when "clean-burning gas" became available, fireplaces switched to gas.
See also the article on "Rumfordizing Existing Fireplaces and Relining Chimneys".
Flue Works, Inc --> Buckley Rumford Co.
A Victorian "heatilator"
Small Florida Coal-burner
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Buckley Rumford Fireplaces
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